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Another Great Article from Jennifer S.


As a dog owner, dealing with canine separation anxiety and distress can sound like a daunting task. When you become a dog parent, you never even think about the potential behavioral issues that might arise and the thought of having a dog that struggles with anxiety almost seems slightly absurd. The reality is, though, that at one point or another during your life of being a doggy parent, you are going to have to deal with issues and one of the most common is learning how to correctly and effectively treat separation anxiety.

Just like raising a child, everyone has different styles of parenting when it comes to their dog’s behavior. Some people prefer to crate train their dogs, so they get used to being in a safe place when you are not home, while others believe that separation anxiety is due to a lack of mental stimulation or exercise. However, despite the fact that everyone has their own preferences when it comes to treating severe separation anxiety, distress, destructive behavior, and other problems in dogs—even for short periods—they all have one thing in common: the desire to overcome it.

Here are some of the most effective ways of naturally helping your dog to overcome separation anxiety of your pet (sometimes severe cases), so you can feel completely at ease when you have to leave him home alone.

STEP 1: Decide on a Strategy and Method

The very first thing you need to do is to determine whether or not the unusual behavior or distress increases right about the time you are getting ready to go out, or even better, while you are out. This is so you can pinpoint if your pup is acting out due to separation anxiety or if there is something else going on. If you are concerned, then you should contact your vet and schedule a check-up. Once you have been given the all clear, it’s time to create a strategy that you feel comfortable with. The most important thing to take into account when it comes to treating separation anxiety in dogs is that you have to be consistent and you need to have patience. You won’t necessarily see an improvement overnight, but stick with it and before too long things will get better.

STEP 2: Create a Safe Place

As humans, when we feel alone or panicked, we will automatically seek refuge in our safe place. Some people will retreat to their man caves for long periods while others will seek comfort in their favorite chair and many people instantly start to feel better when they are snuggled up in bed with their favorite pajamas on. If your dog doesn’t currently have its own bed, feeding area or toys, then understandably she could feel unsettled. To create a safe space for your pup, find a cozy and warm corner where you can lay down a few blankets that have your scent on them to reassure her when you aren’t there. Many people are massive advocates of crate training, as it not only keeps your dogs out of trouble when unsupervised, it can actually be beneficial for their safety. If you do choose to look into crate training, please make sure that you seek professional guidance to ensure you do it right, or it could backfire. You can find plenty of free information online, or by watched TV shows like Cesar Milan’s “The Dog Whisperer.” If you have made a decision not to crate your pup while you are out or turn to an animal behaviorist, then you can hide the CBD dog treats around the house to keep your dog entertained with a game of hide-and-seek!

Step 3: Natural CBD Treats

Cannabinoid-based products are appearing in media headlines every day, thanks to therapeutic capabilities. With so many people starting to take CBD oil to alleviate a range of illnesses and issues like anxiety, CBD dog treats have also become extremely popular over recent years. The healing treats have been proven to significantly decrease the symptoms of separation anxiety in dogs, as well as having a range of positive benefits such as:

– Soothes and alleviates anxiety

– Reduces nervous or hyperactive behavior

– Treats epilepsy and seizures

– Relieves pain

– Effectively treats arthritis

– Better immune system

– Promotes organ health

Step 4: Doggie Cinema

Many dog owners report that their dog is less anxious and displays fewer problem behaviors such as destructive chewing when left alone if they have some background noise to keep them company. And while it might sound a little ridiculous, leaving the TV or radio on while your dog is alone can help her to feel less alone. The next time you are getting ready for a night out, try putting on a movie as “treatment” that will distract and entertain your dog, allowing you to enjoy your evening without the fear of coming home to chaos and destruction.

Final Thoughts

Helping your dog to overcome separation anxiety is not only going to allow your dog to have a well-balanced approach to life, but it will also benefit you as an owner. And if you want to successfully treat separation anxiety for good, then it is important to create a routine and stick to it. The good thing about natural medicines like CBD treats is that they can be used alone or in conjunction with any other method you choose. CBD is pretty much the only natural remedy that will allow you to see positive improvements fast and the fact that there are so many other benefits means that your dog’s overall health will improve. Separation anxiety in dogs will progressively get worse over time, which is why it is so important to take action as soon as you notice that something is awry. And as responsible dog owners, we should always approach the methods we choose with love and care, as changes won’t happen overnight—patience and persistence is a key factor in ensuring that you are reinforcing a bond with your dog that is based on discipline and trust.

Jennifer S.

Jennifer is the voice behind the FOMO Bones blog. She’s pretty sure in her past life, she was a Great Dane. However, we peg her as more of a labrador. Regardless of her breed, she’s a dog enthusiast who has 15 years experience training dogs and owners.

Another great articlet from

Having and keeping our dogs healthy and happy is high up on our list as pet owners. There are many ways that we go about achieving this. Finding the best dog food, for our specific dog, is one of them. But one of the things we don’t necessarily think about is the vital minerals and vitamins that our dogs require. This is where the mineral, Magnesium, comes into play.

Why Magnesium?

Magnesium is a crucial mineral needed by your dog in order for their body to operate properly. This is second to Potassium with regard to overall importance. But why is Magnesium so important for your dog?

Good question and one we are going to answer right now.

Magnesium is a cofactor and/or controls all of the following functions in your dog’s body:

  •         Hormone functions and secretions
  •         Maintaining electrical balance across the membranes
  •         Maintains calcium movement into the muscles
  •         Metabolic functions
  •         Proper absorption of Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Vitamin C and Vitamin E
  •         Proper nervous system transmissions

This is one of the dogs we board that has been having nutritional deficiencies. He gets depressed sometimes, and this picture is a great example of his sad moods. This is part of what makes me think he might be deficient in Magnesium.

So, what does this really mean then? Well, it means that improper Magnesium levels can affect the major systems of your dog’s body and cause things to go awry. These things can include:

  •         Depression
  •         Endocrine Diseases
  •         Heart arrhythmia
  •         Increased calcium uptake in the bone
  •         Involuntary muscle movements
  •         Lethargy
  •         Muscle weakness
  •         Nutrient Deficiency
  •         Parathyroid Syndrome
  •         Severe muscle pain
  •         Skeletal muscle diseases, aka Myopathies (such as Myasthenia Gravis)

Please keep in mind that these things can be related to other issues with your dog’s body besides a Magnesium deficiency. This can include having a higher than normal intake of Calcium or Phosphorus. When this occurs, it prevents the proper absorption of Magnesium. This situation can make the Magnesium levels appear low, when in reality, your dog is getting plenty of Magnesium.

Therefore, taking a look at their Magnesium intake via the foods you give them is a really good place to start. Don’t forget to take a look at the Calcium and Phosphorus levels also though. Tracking this information can only help your Vet with making a diagnosis when there is something abnormal going on with your dog.

How Much for Your Dog?

Now that you know just how important proper Magnesium is for your dog, just how much should he be getting?

The amount is going to vary per dog. This is due solely to the age and weight of your furry friend.

The general rule of thumb for Magnesium requirements, as a minimum, is .04% of your dog’s body weight. But if you want your dog to be at optimal health, then you should aim for closer to .3%, or 12.3% per kg, of their body weight in Magnesium.

What this translates to is: The average amount required for an adult dog is 150 mg(milligrams) of Magnesium per day.

Here is an even more in-depth way to look at it:

Smaller Breeds (<20 lbs) = Minimum Requirements: 45 mg – 80 mg   Optimal Requirements: 28 mg (5lb dog)- 112 mg (20 lb dog)

Medium Breeds (21 – 50 lbs) = Minimum Requirements: 84 – 200 mg   Optimal Requirements: 117 mg (21 lb dog) – 279 mg (50 lb dog)

Larger Breeds (>51 lbs) = Minimum Requirements: 204 – 200 mg   Optimal Requirements: 285 mg +

What Foods is it Found in?

Once you have the Magnesium range narrowed down, now comes the fun part! You’ll have to figure out exactly how much your dog food is giving your dog per day. Sometimes that can be easy, since some dog food brands will list the Magnesium. Unfortunately, most dog foods still do not, since they don’t understand exactly how crucial this mineral is.

Therefore, you may have to do some digging.

In most dog foods, Magnesium will be listed as:

  •         Magnesium Oxide
  •         Magnesium Sulfate
  •         Beet pulp
  •         Bone meal
  •         Fish
  •         Lamb meal
  •         Oat Bran
  •         Soy
  •         Soymill run
  •         Wheat
  •         Wheat Bran

Fish is a great example of Magnesium rich foods that you can incorporate.

The dog food should give you an idea as to how much actual Magnesium is in the feed. But if they don’t, you will have to look on the ingredients list to see where these ingredients fall. The higher up on the list, the higher the percentage of that ingredient is in the food.

If you are still unsure, and your dog has been exhibiting any of the symptoms discussed in the “Why Magnesium” section, then you should consider getting your dog tested. This is a surefire way to know exactly how much Magnesium your dog is getting.

However, if you are feeding your dog a raw food diet, then you will have to figure out the Magnesium levels on your own. Some of the best foods to include into your dog’s diet, when choosing this feeding style, are:

  •         Kidney Beans – 258 mg per cup
  •         Garbanzo Beans – 230 mg per cup
  •         Pumpkin Seeds – 168 mg per cup
  •         Soy (Edamame preferably) – 99 mg per cup, cooked
  •         Brown Rice – 84 mg per cup
  •         Fish (Mackerel preferably) – 82 mg per cup, cooked
  •         Avocado – 42 mg per cup
  •         Lamb – 40 mg per 6oz cooked
  •         Beets – 31 mg per cup

As you can see, there are a lot of great, easy, raw food options to incorporate more Magnesium into your dog’s diet. As a bonus, most of our dogs really love the addition of these foods as a treat.

Missy is one of our regular dogs who is a very happy girl! Her well-balanced diet helps her energy level, coat shine and overall attitude towards life. She is a ball of fun!

Magnesium Conclusion

Overall, it is extremely important that your dog is getting enough Magnesium in her diet regularly to live a long and healthy life. The vital mineral helps your dog’s body operate at its maximum potential and is required for their overall health and wellness.

Seeking Magnesium out in dog food can be a challenge sometimes, but it is possible if you know which ingredients to look for. If you want to supplement, I always suggest going with natural food items first, before adding in a processed supplement. That way your dog thinks he is getting a treat, and you don’t have to spend as much money on supplements.

Another great article from Sarah Holloway

Sarah Holloway takes a fascinating look at dog pregnancy and the secret world of the unborn puppy!

Today we are going to be looking at the journey your puppy made from conception to birth.

You’ll learn about the early signs that a female dog is pregnant, find out how long dogs are pregnant for and discover how the puppies develop week by week.

We’ll also consider the steps that need to be taken in looking after your pups’ mom in the weeks before birth. We’ve also included a brief look at what causes phantom pregnancies, and why some pregnancies sadly fail.

Dog pregnancy – do you want to breed from your dog?

If you’re thinking about breeding from your own Labrador you’ll find some interesting information here too. But the best place to begin that journey is with this article : Should you let your Labrador have puppies.

There’s a lot to keep in mind if you’re considering breeding your Labrador, and there are issues you must think on carefully before you make a decision. The above article will help you.

A lot of preparation goes into planning a mating – from choosing the right mate, getting the right health tests carried out, to making sure the mating goes smoothly. These are all topics in their own right.

But today, we are going to focus on the pregnancy itself. So we’ll pick up the dog’s pregnancy story from right after mating. First let’s look at how long we can expect dog pregnancy to last.

How long are dogs pregnant?

Dog pregnancy is often considered to last for around nine weeks. So that’s one week of dog pregnancy for every month of human pregnancy.

But it’s not quite that simple. Let’s take a closer look.

If a Labrador’s pregnancy is planned to the smallest detail, and her owner knows exactly when she ovulated, then her gestation period can also be predicted with uncanny accuracy.

The majority of litters across all breeds of dog are born on the 63rd day after ovulation.

In 2001 a team at Utrecht University in the Netherlands included 31 Labrador retrievers in a study of how breed and litter size affects dog pregnancy length.

They found that because Labradors tend to carry large litters they also have slightly shorter pregnancies – 61.5 days on average.

But what if you took a more fateful approach to mating your girl, and you don’t know exactly when she ovulated?

In this case, expect her to give birth 55 to 64 days (eight to nine weeks) after mating.

Why the wide range? Let me explain…

Predicting the gestation period of dogs

As for all mammals, dog pregnancy begins when sperm fertilizes an egg.

Dog sperm can live inside a dog for up to ten days, and whilst it does gradually degrade and become less likely to fertilize an egg, it still means that a girl mated ten days before she ovulates could still get pregnant.

At the other extreme, a female dog’s eggs can survive for up to six days after ovulation, although they will also decline in quality over this period, so that late breeding is more likely to be unsuccessful or result in smaller litters.

So in theory, there’s a sixteen day window during which a female dog can get pregnant.

Now if you’re doing the sums, that’s a sixteen day window for getting pregnant, but a nine day window for giving birth.

How is that possible?

Ongoing research at Nippon University in Japan suggests that eggs which are fertilized late then progress through the early stages of development more quickly, so that the puppies are still born a predictable amount of time after ovulation.

Amazing. Now you may be wondering how many babies you might expect.

How many puppies is my dog likely to have?

In 2010, scientists at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science conducted a retrospective study of over ten thousand dog litters, to find out what factors influence litter size.

Their study included 223 Labrador litters, which ranged from one to thirteen puppies, and an average of seven.

They found that litter size is closely linked to breed size: Labradors are large breeds, so they tend to have large litters.

(By comparison, toy breeds and small breeds had an average of three or four puppies in a litter.)

They also found that litter size decreased as the mother got older, and that litters conceived by artificial insemination produced fewer puppies than natural mating.

Studies have also shown that litter sizes decrease when dogs are more closely related.

So now your dog has mated but you’re still not sure whether she is pregnant. So what happens next?

Recognizing signs of pregnancy in dogs

A female dog is unlikely to show any signs of pregnancy in the first couple of weeks.

In this time, the fertilized egg divides into a round ball of cells called a blastocyst, which travels through a female dog’s reproductive system until it reaches the uterus and finally anchors to the lining of her womb (the technical term for this is “blastocyst invasion”, how lovely!).

Only once the embryo attaches to the lining of the womb do the cascade of hormone changes associated with pregnancy begin, and bring with them their tell-tale symptoms of pregnancy.

What dog pregnancy symptoms might you expect to see? Do dogs suffer from morning sickness for example?

Do dogs get morning sickness?

Well, just like in humans those pregnancy hormones might can make a female dog feel a bit nauseous.

So she might go off her food, and even vomit a little.

Everything happens in fast forward compared to a human pregnancy through, so morning sickness in dogs only lasts a few days.

Other signs of pregnancy

Some female dogs show signs of tiredness or listlessness in very early pregnancy because of all the hormones being released. At around 30 days you might notice that her nipples have started to change in color and size.

At this time you might also see a discharge of thin clear mucus from her vagina. As long as the mucus is clear you don’t need to worry – this is quite normal.

You should have your dog checked out by your vet if a discharge has blood in it, or if the mucus is not clear or has a bad smell.

But just like in the first two months of a human pregnancy, the first couple of weeks is often outwardly fairly uneventful. And despite their best efforts at symptom spotting a Labrador might not show any early signs to those who are watching her closely.

Confirming signs of pregnancy in dogs

Unless a Labrador’s owner has had a lot of breeding experience, they will need a vet to confirm whether mating has resulted in pregnancy.

Confirming pregnancy in dogs early on (rather than waiting until it’s plain to see), is vital for planning the best care for a female dog and the best outcome for her puppies.

There are several ways of confirming pregnancy in dogs – vets are happy to discuss these if necessary. Let’s look at some of the diagnostic tests available

Dog pregnancy test: abdominal palpation

Abdominal palpation means very carefully massaging the dog’s tummy to feel for puppies growing in her uterus.

It’s a completely no-tech approach, and the one vets and breeders have relied on since time immemorial.

Abdominal palpation is most effective for detecting pregnancy in the fifth week after mating, when the embryos are a little over an inch long (three centimeters), but not yet cushioned by amniotic fluid.

Someone with a lot of experience might be able to detect embryos by palpation as early as three weeks after mating and as late as six weeks.

Abdominal palpation is not always conclusive, for example if a dog is nervous during the examination and tenses her stomach muscles, if she is overweight, or if she’s only carrying one or two pups and they are tucked right up inside her abdomen.

When this happens, the vet might recommend one of the following alternatives for confirming pregnancy.

Using ultrasound to confirm pregnancy in dogs

Ultrasound scans are seen by vets as the “gold standard” for finding out if a dog is pregnant. They are reliable and you can be reassured from as early as three weeks after mating.

Many breeders now use these scans routinely.

Depending on how sophisticated their ultrasound equipment is, a vet might also be able to predict a girl’s due date using the scans.

Using radiography (x-rays) to confirm pregnancy in dogs

Your dog’s pregnancy has usually been confirmed by physical signs and symptoms, palpation or ultrasound by the time the puppies they show up on an x-ray.

This only happens once the unborn pups’ bones have started to calcify after six to seven weeks and sometimes even later.

The great advantage of an x-ray is that different skeletal structures, for example the skull, the spine and the teeth, become visible in a very specific order and at very predictable times.

If the pregnancy wasn’t planned, and no-one is sure when mating took place, x-rays can confirm, sometimes to the day, how far along the pregnancy is.

Radiography is also the most reliable way of counting how many pups a dog is carrying.

Can you give a dog a pregnancy test?

So there are multiple of ways of finding out if a dog is pregnant, but is it ever as simple as getting them to pee on a stick?

I’m afraid not.

Since 2010 Pfizer have produced a pregnancy test for dogs called the Witness Relaxin test,
which detects elevated levels of relaxin hormone secreted by the placenta during pregnancy.

However, the test needs a sample of blood plasma, so requires a visit the vet to have blood drawn and the plasma separated.

The tests are widely available online, but don’t seem to have gained much following with vets, so it’s wise to ask ahead whether a vet keeps them in stock.

These tests can usually detect pregnancy from about 22-27 days after mating But be warned – they can also produce a false negative result. If you are pretty sure your dog should be pregnant the test should be repeated after a week.

At $20-$30 a test in a box of five they don’t come cheap. But they don’t need to be refrigerated and have a shelf-life of around 18 months.

And finally, just in case you’re tempted to try: human pregnancy tests detect the presence of human chorionic gonadotrophin hormone – they cannot detect pregnancy in dogs!

But there’s no time to rest on your laurels, because dog pregnancy is short, and those puppies are going to be here before you know it.

Next we’ll look at the stages of a dog’s pregnancy, and caring for the female dog during her pregnancy.

The stages of dog pregnancy

Let’s rejoin our unborn puppies four weeks after fertilization.

They’ve anchored to the lining of the uterus, and the placenta now delivers nutrients from mum to pup.

The 4 week pregnant dog: days 21 – 27

The fourth week of pregnancy is an exciting time to be a dog embryo.

They’re only 15mm long, but their nervous system is developing, and other cells are differentiating into tissues, organs and bones.

If your dog has an ultrasound scan in this week, you’ll be able to make out the puppies’ heartbeats for the first time.

This also the week when embryos are most vulnerable to damage which could impair their development later.

The 5 week pregnant dog: days 28 – 34

The mother Labrador to be, and her pups, have made it past the halfway mark!

The puppies’ limbs are beginning to form, and most puppies which are healthy at this point will remain so for the rest of the pregnancy.

The 6 week pregnant dog: days 35 – 41

As the puppies grow inside her, you’ll finally begin to notice your girl’s tummy begin to swell, and her nipples will get noticeably darker. Mom might also start to become uncomfortable and want to rest more.

A clear discharge from her vagina at this stage is also no cause for concern. Meanwhile, her puppies are beginning to produce the pigments in their skin which will determine the markings in their coat when they’re born.

The 7 week pregnant dog: days 42 – 48

In week seven the bones of the puppies’ skulls and spine harden and become distinct on an x-ray. If you’re lucky you could even feel the puppies moving in her tummy.

Some female dogs might also begin shedding their hair on their tummies this week as well. And the development of her breasts will be clear to see. This is a completely normal part of the body preparing for birth.

The 8 week pregnant dog: days 49 – 55

The puppies’ limbs and pelvic bones are calcified and discernible on an x-ray too now.

As her due date draws near, mom starts to produce colostrum – the nutrient rich first milk her puppies need in their earliest days.

The 9 week pregnant dog: days 56 – 63

This week an x-ray will even pick up the puppies’ teeth.

They are ready to come out into the world, and the nine week pregnant girl will be nesting in preparation for the impending birth.

Your vet may suggest that you to start taking her temperature several times a day: when it drops to below 100°F, birth usually follows within 24 hours.

You can start watching for the signs that mom is going into labour.

Going into labor

There are a few behaviors which indicate that birth is imminent. This can last for six to twelve hours, or even longer, while the cervix dilates and prepares for delivery.

Human moms even show some of the same signs like being restless and losing their appetite. Even nesting behaviour – an urge to clean and tidy up the house.

Watch for the following signs:

  • restless and pacing, followed by falling asleep
  • digging
  • panting and shaking/shivering
  • returning often to the place where she plans to give birth
  • licking herself
  • becoming quiet and introverted
  • going off her food
  • possible vomiting.

Caring for a pregnant dog

Pregnancy is a time to treat your Labrador with more love and care than ever, and it’s vital to include your vet in planning her care as early on as possible.

Book her in for a checkup around three weeks after mating to confirm the pregnancy.

In the meantime, don’t administer any flea or worming treatments (if she falls due for one, call your vet for advice).

Remember that her puppies will be at an especially delicate stage of development around weeks four and five, so start limiting strenuous exercise and rough play at this time to keep mom and pups safe.

However, you’ll want to prevent her from getting fat and make sure the her muscles keep in tone. This will help her to be strong during labor.

She can enjoy normal activities and you can take her for regular walks. Once she is about six weeks pregnant she’ll tire more easily – let her set the pace.

Around this time she’ll also be starting to think about where to give birth. Prepare somewhere warm and enclosed with lots of blankets, and encourage her to start sleeping there.

If you don’t have an experienced mentor to help you through whelping and lactation (and even if you do) you’ll need a copy of the dog breeder’s bible – it’s called The Book Of The Bitch (in the UK the word bitch is a commonly used term for female dogs).

Feeding the pregnant dog

The first vet’s appointment is the time to discuss what food the pregnant dog should be eating during pregnancy, and if she needs any supplements.

For the first couple of weeks after mating, you can simply continue feeding her normally.

If she has morning sickness try to tempt her with smaller meals at more frequent intervals. Don’t worry, her appetite with return soon, and the puppies aren’t in any danger if she doesn’t seem to eat much for a few days.

As the pregnancy progresses your girl’s appetite will increase – especially from week 6 onwards. She does need extra calories to support her pups’ growth – but watch her weight. A pregnant dog should not gain more than 50% of her original weight.

The mom’s growing uterus might not leave much room in her tummy for extra food. To get round this, your vet may recommend feeding her a suitable brand of puppy food. Puppy foods are high in calories and quick and easy to digest: perfect for supporting a pregnancy.

There’s a lot of contradictory advice out there, so let your vet guide you as to how much food she needs at each stage of pregnancy, and whether she would benefit from additional vitamins.

You might have heard people talk about giving pregnant dogs calcium supplements.These are for during and after labor.

Do not give your dog calcium supplements during pregnancy because they can cause problems during labor and lactation The mum does need more calcium for the pups developing inside her, but her own body takes care of this.

She produces a hormone which naturally increases calcium levels in the blood. When supplements are given too early not enough of the hormone is available after birth to ramp up calcium for lactation, even with supplementation.

Dogs and pregnancy: when things don’t go to plan

Hopefully when your dog gets pregnant it will be the result of careful planning and culminate in the arrival of a healthy litter of puppies.

But life does not always run thus, so this article wouldn’t be complete without information about the other possible outcomes.

Phantom pregnancy in dogs

Phantom pregnancy, or pseudopregnancy, is the appearance of dog pregnancy symptoms in a female dog who isn’t pregnant.

It’s a peculiar phenomenon – whilst it’s not unheard of in other animals, it is rare outside of the dog world.

A dog experiencing phantom pregnancy may gain weight, have enlarged, darkened nipples, display nesting behavior and even produce milk.

A recent study among vets also reported changes in behavior. The most common were collecting and mothering objects, and aggression. The most usual physical signs were enlarged breasts and milk production.

A phantom pregnancy can either be a puzzle if you know for a fact your girl didn’t mate while she was in season, or a heartfelt disappointment if you thought a carefully planned mating had been successful.

Phantom pregnancies are usually self-limiting and the symptoms end of their own accord.

It’s important to stop your dog from stimulating her milk production by licking her nipples though, as this can prolong the phantom pregnancy.

If you are at all worried about your girl during a phantom pregnancy, it’s always best to see your vet, who may recommend using synthetic hormones to bring it to an end.

Mismating: managing unwanted dog pregnancy

Just like in our human lives, even when we try our best to do everything right, accidental pregnancies still happen.

Mismating is the term we give to unplanned breeding between two sexually intact dogs.

Your vet will be able to discuss your options with you if your Labrador has mismated.

Pregnancy loss in dogs

Happily, miscarriage – known as spontaneous abortion – isn’t very common in dog pregnancies.

Embryos which are lost early in pregnancy are reabsorbed by the mother, so we don’t know very much about how often it happens.

Spontaneous abortion in the later stages of pregnancy is rare. When it happens it is usually the result of either an imbalance in the hormones supporting the pregnancy, or an infection of the uterus.

If your girl loses a puppy in the later stages of pregnancy you’ll notice abnormal bleeding from her vagina, and possibly find the lost puppy.

Always take your Labrador to the vet if she loses a pregnancy. She’ll need a checkup to make sure she’s healthy. If the loss was the result of an infection then she will need to be treated.

It is also possible to miscarry one or more puppies, and carry the rest of the litter to term. Your vet will be able to tell you if your dog is still pregnant with other puppies.

Dogs and pregnancy

Phew, we’ve made it through this potted digest of dog pregnancy, and there was a lot to take in!

Your Labrador’s pregnancy can be a time of mixed emotions, both exciting and nerve-wracking.

By planning the pregnancy in advance and consulting with your vet from the very beginning, your dog’s pregnancy should be happy and healthy.

Pregnancy and childbirth is a natural process for all mammals. Dogs are mostly able to manage quite well on their own and instinctively know what to do. During whelping your role is to be there, offer comfort, and to notice when things don’t go according to plan.

Of course you can arrange for help and support from someone with experience in caring for a dog while she’s giving birth. Definitely be sure to have phone numbers to hand in case of an emergency.

The book I mentioned above will give you all the information you need about the whelping process and caring for your new babies.

This article has been revised and updated for 2019.

Another great article from Jordon

New evidence is popping up everywhere about the benefits of giving your pet CBD products to treat a variety of conditions. Both studies done by experts and anecdotal evidence from other pet owners seem to suggest that these products really do work!

We know CBD oil can be effective, but many of us ask the questions: how and why? What makes CBD special? How does it affect the body? We will go over that and more to give you a new insight into how this mysterious chemical can make the lives of both humans and animals better!

What Is CBD?

The first thing to know when discussing how CBD works is what it is.

CBD stands for “cannabidiol.”  Cannabidiol oil is an ingredient derived from hemp, which is part of the cannabis plant – also known as the marijuana plant.

What Does CBD Do?

Some of you may be concerned about the fact that CBD is a component of marijuana. However, it does not mean that it produces that “high” effect found in most marijuana products. Actually, that is the job of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol.) CBD for pets should not contain any THC whatsoever.

CBD instead is known for:

  • Relieving pain
  • Calming anxiety
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Treating epilepsy
  • Easing the pain and discomfort of arthritis

Other potential benefits of CBD for your dog can be found here.

What Can’t CBD Do?

Science supports the fact that CBD products have the potential to treat a number of ailments, but there is currently little to no evidence that it can do any of the following:

  • Cure cancer. Cancer is caused by cells multiplying more rapidly than they should, causing tumors to grow and to impact the organs negatively. Some studies have suggested that CBD can induce apoptosis (the death of cancer cells), but they do not suggest at all that it can do so at a rate to completely eradicate the disease itself. While it may be able to treat cancer, it is not proven to cure it.
  • Heal chronic conditions. Yes, the evidence we have seen so far is pretty convincing that CBD can reduce inflammation in chronic diseases, but again, it is not a miracle cure. All this chemical has been shown to do effectively so far is treat pain and some swelling.

How Does CBD Affect the Brain and Body?

To produce these marvelous effects on the brain and the body, CBD attaches to our natural cannabinoid receptors. Humans and some animals have what is known as the endocannabinoid system. The main system is comprised of CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CB1 Receptors

CB1 receptors are mostly in the brain, though a few can be present in the rest of the body as well. They deal with:

  • Chronic Pain
  • Mood
  • Appetite
  • Memory
  • Coordination

CB2 Receptors

CB2 receptors are what deal with the immune system and inflammatory responses. Instead of attaching to these receptors, though, CBD encourages the body to make more cannabinoids.

Studies on the Effects of CBD in Pets

Scientific researchers have recently been conducting trials and studies on the effects of CBD oil products in animals. Each explains what CBD treats and how.

  • A study published in July of 2018 by several veterinary college researchers tested the effects of CBD on dogs with osteoarthritis. Half were given CB, and the others were given a placebo. After the treatment periods, these researchers observed that the dogs given the real product experienced less pain than the others. These dogs were also more active, and they experienced no side effects!
  • In 2012, a large group of scientists and doctors studied rats and mice suffering from chronic inflammation. The results proved that some of these animals given CBD had significantly lower levels of inflammation afterward.
  • A trial conducted by Dr. Stephanie McGrath showed evidence that 89% of dogs treated with CBD for epilepsy experienced seizures less often. Nine dogs were given real CBD, and seven others were given placebos. This sample size is admittedly small, but she believes that this is an encouraging sign that CBD can treat epilepsy.

Of course, there is a long way to go before we truly uncover what all CBD products for pets can and can’t do for our fur babies. However, it seems that more great news comes from medical professionals and animal scientists every day!

Another great article from!

From petrified pooch to confident canine – In seven simple steps

Oh Fido. It’s tough to see him frightened and not really have a clue as to how to help (or what he’s even scared of). From jumping at the slightest sound, to following you EVERYWHERE, and showing tell-tale signs of fear (such as a dropped tail, crouching and panting), it’s always pretty clear when you’ve got a nervy canine on your hands.

The question is, what can you do about it? And the answer, is to follow these seven simple tips.

1: Begin with firm foundations – set up good obedience during walks

Sit, stay, heel – these are the basic commands that your dog should know (and obey) during your walks. These cues, and the consequent treats that follow (such as being handed a ball or toy) are essential distraction techniques for when you spot a hazard looming. Speaking of which…

2: Worried during walks? Distract your dog

A cautious, concerned canine during a walk can lead to disaster around other dogs or unpredictable people. The solution? Distraction. By giving your dog something to do while walking (like chewing a bone or carrying your bag), you give him something to focus on. In doing so, he’ll hopefully remain distracted on what he’s ‘doing’, rather than what may happen (and being hyper-sensitive to all that’s around).

3: Switch items from scary, to something to salivate over

If your dog is scared of certain items, try ‘exposure management’. This might sound rather technical (and a little intimidating), but it’s actually really straightforward.

Simply take the item that your dog is afraid of, and place something on it that your dog loves (treats usually work best!). So if Sammy’s scared of skateboards, place a few treats on the top and encourage him to explore. Once he’s comfortable with that, move on to pushing the skateboard slightly (with items such as this, which are common in parks) it’s usually the movement that dogs are uncomfortable with. Remember, with exposure management – slow and steady wins the race.

4: Seek out fresh new places where your dog can taste success

Practicing and repeating problem behaviors only reinforces them. Staying cooped up inside isn’t helpful for anyone – not for humans, not for dogs. Getting out and about to new places can allow your dog to explore, and be fascinated, by the new smells and sights around him.

This may not necessarily mean a walk in a forest (some dogs aren’t comfortable out in the Great outdoors); it may mean a late-night wander in a dead-quiet park. But no matter the environment, it’s the newness of the place that will encourage his innate curiosity to explore.

5: Sign up for agility training

Agility training involves plenty of physical effort and dexterity on the dog’s part. And yet agility isn’t really the key skills being learned.

By showing them how to complete new tasks, and with your dog gradually working towards getting it right every time, their trust in you grows and their confidence in their own abilities increases. With each tunnel, pole or hoop successfully navigated, they’ll learn that what once seemed insurmountable, can be mastered. And so their confidence will (hopefully) grow and grow

6: Have a trial run with another dog

For dogs that don’t fear (or show aggression) to other dogs, a more confident canine pal can prove to be a real behavior-changer.

After all, dogs (much like humans) observe the actions and interactions of others, and can mirror behaviors that they come to see as appropriate.

A key pointer here is that some companionships are more effective than others, and it may take a few trial play dates to discover a dog that’s a natural, positive fit with yours.

7: Harness the targeting technique

Targeting is the practice of touching a specific part of your dog’s body to re-direct his attention to you. This becomes more effective than simply calling his name during a frightening experience, as it’s used less often.

To train him, hold a treat in your hand. Once he begins to sniff around it, say ”nose” and pass him his treat. Regularly practicing this will show your dog that bumping his nose on your hand, and giving you his focus, will result in a yummy treat being given.

Alaskan Husky struggling with dog anxiety? Stressed out St. Bernard? We’ve got just the thing. 100% natural CBD dog treats, that are packed not just with stress-exterminating cannabidiol, but also with plenty of good stuff to boot (good stuff such as potatoes, natural bacon flavoring, whole peas, sweet potatoes, potato starch, dried plain beet pulp, mixed tocopherols, carrots & rosemary extract.

Jennifer S.

Jennifer is the voice behind the FOMO Bones blog. She’s pretty sure in her past life, she was a Great Dane. However, we peg her as more of a labrador. Regardless of her breed, she’s a dog enthusiast who has 15 years experience training dogs and owners.